LIVING IN THE VALLÈS OCCIDENTAL
Am I thinking of living in Sant Cugat? Located at the southern end of Western Valle, perhaps you discover the secrets of its region will help in your decision. If you have reported in rent Sant Cugat, you know it’s a place where you can enjoy a great quality of life thanks to its location, connectivity, services and environment; and also, it is the third largest city in Spain with the highest per capita income. It is a very interesting city, with many attractions, 10 km from Barcelona, with the tranquility of a village, but the sophistication of a city. But if you have not yet decided to rent Sant Cugat, visit the environment, meet the people that surround ultimately be inspired by the secrets of Western Valle, you can decide to be the decisive factor.
The Valles is the historical name of the territory situated from west to east, between the Llobregat river and the massif of El Montseny, and from north to south between the Prelitoral and Coast ranges. From the territorial division of Catalonia in 1936, the western part of this area, roughly between the river Llobregat and Caldes, called region of Vallés Occidental. The region, located in the central part of the metropolitan area of Barcelona, borders the Eastern Valle, northeast; with Barcelona, southeast; with the Baix Llobregat, southwest; and Bages, northwest.
Administratively, the region consists of 23 municipalities, two of which exert the capital: Sabadell and Terrassa. Not surprisingly, half way between the two capitals, is the headquarters of the Regional Council, the administrative body of management of the region, created in 1987.
The local area is 583.2 km2, representing 1.8% of the total area of Catalonia. However, this relatively small territory 836 077 inhabitants were recorded in 2006 (approximately 12% of the Catalan population and nearly 2% of the Spanish population) and is the second largest region of Catalonia, after Barcelona.
From the orographic point of view, in the region can differentiate three zones from north to south: the mountainous area of the pre-coastal mountain range, which forms the northern third of the region; undulating plain sector in the central part, which occupies about half of the local area; and some relatively large mountainous area corresponding to a part of the coastal mountain range.
The natural vegetation of most of the region is the oak with durillo that naturally, recubriría entire flat and much of the mountainous sector. However, human activity has transformed the aspect of the TV, today mainly occupied by large urban areas and farmland. There are only clearings in the hills unfavorable cultivation – forest of white pine with some piece of oak – and sunk in the margins of the torrents that cross the depression where riparian vegetation is born.
The climate is mild Vallés Occidental, typical of the Mediterranean countries. Specifically, it is a Mediterranean climate with maritime influence of low and medium mountains.
Currently, the Vallès Occidental region is essentially urban, with a high population density), but inside are great disparities, with municipalities that have some of the highest densities of Catalonia, as Badia del Valles with 15,811 inhabitants / km2 and, at the other end, rural municipalities in the pre-coastal mountain range as Gallifa with only 12.8 inhabitants / km2. In this sense, we must distinguish municipalities in the central part of the plain and the south of the county, the municipalities of the northern sector.
The former are characterized by high population densities. The process of high population growth in these municipalities has resulted in highly urbanized and industrialized centers, with a high presence of commercial and industrial estates located around the main lines of communication. The latter, located in the mountainous area (pre-coastal mountain range), have a more rural or residential, with a large number of low-density developments.
The region offers a great tourist and recreational potential, as well as a wide range of possibilities of use thanks to the important natural resources available and their own economic structure, with a high level of industrial and business deployment that allows the existence of a Business tourism expansion. Thanks to its excellent geographical location, the region is a place of many people stop on their way through Catalonia or during their visits to Barcelona. Through collective Cuina Vallès a cuisine that promotes quality products of the region is driven.
Innovation and knowledge
The Western Vallés has become a region with a great expertise in the field of research, innovation and knowledge. In this sense, the university offer of the region is extensive. Stresses, above all, the presence of the Autonomous University of Barcelona, located in Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Valles). The campus occupies 260 hectares and sets a great university with all faculties and schools of humanistic, scientific and technical field, and with all own one of the most advanced universities in Europe complementary services. The university also has a campus of smaller dimensions in Sabadell, where business studies and computer science are taught.
On the other hand, the city of Terrassa has a campus that belongs to the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, specializing in engineering and technical careers. Terrassa also has the presence of the delegation of El Valle’s Institut del Teatre.
Finally, in Sant Cugat is the School of Architecture of Vallés. Sant Cugat is also located the High Performance Sports Center (CAR), considered one of the most important sports centers of Europe. The CAR is a support structure of the highest scientific and technical quality for high-level sport, where professional athletes are formed.
For the rest of educational facilities, the county has 323 nursery schools and primary, 130 secondary schools and 20 training centers for adults.
On the other hand, Vallès Technology Park (PTV) is a business park specially designed to accommodate companies and institutions working in the field of new technologies. Among the objectives of the PTV include generating synergies between companies and institutions thanks to the complementarity of their activities, physical proximity and personal knowledge; to foster the approach of companies to sources of knowledge and become a launching pad for new business projects with technological content. In this environment, the Synchrotron Light Laboratory ALBA, one of the most important infrastructures of scientific research in southern Europe, which is expected to be fully operational in 2010 is located.
Walk through the Western Vallés
Despite being a region with a leading industrial and very humane character, Vallès Occidental has preserved a series of natural spaces that combine a unique landscape and an important architectural and cultural heritage.
These natural areas offer visitors many hidden corners and new sensations to discover, very close to home but, at the same time, far from the city life.
The natural parks of Sant Llorenc del Munt i l’Obac and Collserola are set as the two most important natural areas in the region. But besides the natural parks, it notes that there are other places where nature and the landscape are preserved as a resource.
In addition, the Natural Valles is a network of 260 kilometers of trails linking all municipalities in the county. These trails, which offer multiple itineraries and routes in the natural environment can be covered on foot, and in some cases also by bike or horseback. This network complements the existing itineraries in the parks and natural environments on these municipalities.
The festive calendar of the Western Vallés is wide:
Start with the Rides of Kings, they celebrated in most populations.
On the occasion of the festival of Sant Antoni Abat, parades of horses and carriages in various populations are made.
The carnival has reached a high level of participation in most towns and cities.
Almost all major festivals of the region are held between May and September.
The holiday is celebrated in autumn Castanyada.
The winter cycle with the traditional Christmas nativity scenes closes the festive calendar.
However, throughout the year, also they take place several popular meetings, festive nature, usually related to some chapel or church Sant Measure at Sant Cugat, the Salut in Sabadell, Sant Pere de Reixac Montcada i Reixac, Castellar Vell Castellar del Valles, Sant Muç in Rubi, Sant Iscle in Cerdanyola del Valles …
The region has a rich popular culture folklore events. A lot of groups of traditional and popular culture have an active presence in most of the populations of the valleys, where they act choirs, songs, sardana entities colles bastoneros (groups of dancers dancing bastons) and grallers (musicians gralla touch), geganteres colles (groups of people wearing giant), etc. The esbarts (association of people engaged in traditional dances) include in its repertoire the traditional dance of El Valles gitanes dancing, still remains alive in several villages. Ball also called plaque, formerly held at Carnival time, but today is usually danced in different seasons (parties, meetings entities, etc.).
Also noteworthy is the contribution of sport and cultural institutions hikers a great tradition in the region as the Union Hiker of Sabadell, Terrassa the Hiking Centre, the Muntanyenc Club Sant Cugat or Castellar Hiking Centre.
Thanks to the great vitality and passion for the sport, the region has excellent sports facilities. It stresses the High Performance Centre (CAR) of Sant Cugat del Vallés.
In the region found some renowned sports clubs, such as Sabadell Swimming Club, the Centre d’Esports Sabadell (football club has played several seasons in First Division), the Terrassa Futbol Club teams or field hockey Terrassa, including Terrassa Hoquei Atletic Club or Hoquei Egara Club.
Cerdanyola del Valles and Sentmenat there is a long tradition of the practice of hockey skates. In the rest of the region, football and basketball are sports with a lot of tradition. The region has four golf courses located in Matadepera (Club de Golf La Mola) in Sant Cugat del Vallés (Club de Golf Sant Cugat), Rubi (Golf Sant Joan) and Terrassa (Reial Club de Golf El Prat) . The long sports tradition of the region allows for a consolidated sports activities of all kinds throughout the calendar year.
In short, the Vallès Occidental region is a large clothing a beautiful and friendly town Sant Cugat. Know a little more we can discover new attractions.
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